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Brain

Biology

Small-brained elephantnose fish can think big like humans

Fish may be smarter than we thought. Not only can some recognize human faces, but others can use their senses in a way that it was believed only humans and other mammals could manage. A team of zoologists at the University of Bonn has discovered that, despite lacking a complex brain, the African elephantnose fish can swap between its electrical and visual senses in the same way a person can switch between sight and touch.Read More

Biology

Fish – yes fish – can distinguish one human face from another

The old myth about goldfish having a three-second memory has already been thoroughly busted, but now researchers have provided more evidence of fish's recall abilities. They have discovered a species of tropical fish can distinguish one human face from another, which is something believed to require a more sophisticated brain than many animals, including fish, are thought to possess.Read More

Health & Wellbeing

Cognitive assessment in the palm of your hand

Gaining access to tools that could provide insights into an individual's cognitive functions like memory and decision-making have typically been expensive, and limited to those given by a medical professional or clinician. Savonix is bent on changing that, with what it says is the first mobile and clinically-valid cognitive and brain health assessment tool in the world.Read More

Science

Scientists put window in fruit fly skull to watch its brain

How do you see what's going on in a fruit fly's mind? Why you build a window to its brain, of course. While that might sound like a bad joke, it's exactly what scientists at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) have just done. Their goal was to understand exactly what happens in the tiny creature's brain as it goes about courting a mate, unencumbered by wires or other attachments usually used to monitor its neural activity. The system they created is called "Flyception" and is amazingly complex and precise.Read More

Science

Does what we eat influence inflammation in the brain?

It's no secret that diet has a huge impact on health, but a new study suggests that what we eat might even play a role in brain inflammation. The work was conducted by researchers at the Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), with the findings suggesting that changes in diet might influence neurodegeneration in the brain, and potentially even providing researchers with new targets for treatment.Read More

Science

Mapping the thesaurus of the human brain

Researchers from the University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley) have used MRI data to create what they call a "semantic atlas," using vivid colors in multiple dimensions to show how the brain organizes language. The greater understanding that the map provides could one day help patients suffering from conditions such as motor neuron diseases and strokes in making themselves understood.Read More

Science

Scientists pinpoint where in the brain we process facial expressions

Recognizing facial expressions is something that we do naturally, without any thought. However, whenever we smile or frown, or express any number of emotions using our faces, we move a large number of muscles in a complex manner. While we're not conscious of it, when you're looking at someone making a facial expression, there's a whole part of our brains that deals with decoding the information conveyed by those muscles. Now, researchers at the Ohio State University have worked to pinpoint exactly where in the brain that processing occurs. Read More

Medical

Bypassing spinal cord lets paralyzed man control own hand

Using a specialized sleeve, his own mind and a brain-implant smaller than a pea, a man paralyzed from the neck down has regained the ability to handle a variety of everyday objects. The researchers say the success of the technology, which bypasses the injured spinal cord, offers "realistic hope" to others with similar disabilities, with the team planning to expand the trial to include new patients in the coming months.Read More

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