As a one-atom thick topological insulator, stanene could conduct electricity at full efficiency at room temperatures (Image: Yong Xu/Tsinghua University; Greg Stewart/SLAC)
If used as wiring in computer chips, the material, called "stanene," could increase the speed and lower the power needs of future generations of computers (Image: Brad Plummer/SLAC)
A team of theoretical physicists from the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University is predicting that stanene, a single layer of tin atoms laid out in a two-dimensional structure, could conduct electricity with one hundred percent efficiency at room temperature. If the findings are confirmed they could pave the way for building computer chips that are faster, consume less power, and won't heat up nearly as much.
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