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Old tires may find their way back to cars – in their batteries

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August 28, 2014

Carbon black from tires reportedly makes a better anode material than the traditional grap...

Carbon black from tires reportedly makes a better anode material than the traditional graphite (Photo: Shutterstock)

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There may soon be a new use for discarded tires ... besides turning them into mattresses for cows, that is. Researchers from the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have devised a method of harvesting the carbon black from them, and using it to make anodes for better-performing lithium-ion batteries.

The process was developed by a team led by Oak Ridge scientists Parans Paranthaman and Amit Naskar. It involves pretreating the tires and then using pyrolysis – the decomposition of organic materials by heat in the absence of oxygen – to recover pyrolytic carbon black material from the rubber.

Carbon black is similar to the graphite commonly used in battery anodes, although unlike graphite, it’s man-made.

A diagram of the carbon black reclamation process

When a lithium-ion battery with one of the carbon black anodes was tested in the lab, it was found to have a higher energy capacity than similar batteries with regular graphite anodes. This quality was attributed at least partly to the porous microstructure of the carbon black, which offers more surface area than that of graphite.

The Oak Ridge team is now working on a pilot project to scale up the process, with an eye towards ultimately licensing the technology to an industrial partner. Once the technique is commercialized, it is estimated that batteries made using it will actually be cheaper than conventional lithium-ions ... plus, of course, the tires will be diverted from sitting in a landfill.

A paper on the research was recently published in the journal RSC Advances.

Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory

About the Author
Ben Coxworth An experienced freelance writer, videographer and television producer, Ben's interest in all forms of innovation is particularly fanatical when it comes to human-powered transportation, film-making gear, environmentally-friendly technologies and anything that's designed to go underwater. He lives in Edmonton, Alberta, where he spends a lot of time going over the handlebars of his mountain bike, hanging out in off-leash parks, and wishing the Pacific Ocean wasn't so far away.   All articles by Ben Coxworth
2 Comments

For pavement slurry & for batteries, awesome then Zero tires in landfills,

More jobs to recover & reuse.

Radical

do this nation/worldwide alone.

Stephen N Russell
29th August, 2014 @ 08:53 am PDT

Good that old tires are increasingly being seen as a resource , check out what the Genan company has been doing for a couple of decades. More here http://www.genan.eu/

I do have to say I'm not sure about the Cow mattress thing, but I suppose they have made sure the mattress do not contain harmful chemicals or heavy metals as that could potentially end up in the food chain ie. contaminate our food.

BZD
29th August, 2014 @ 11:40 am PDT
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