Highlights from Interbike 2014

Nanofilm could bring dead teeth back to life

By

July 4, 2010

In the future, dentists may use a special nano-sized film  to bring diseased teeth back to...

In the future, dentists may use a special nano-sized film to bring diseased teeth back to life rather than remove them (Photo: iStock)

The words "You need root canal treatment" are not what you want to hear when you visit the dentist, even though millions of teeth are saved every year by the procedure. While the root canal procedure has a high success rate, it still leaves a dead tooth in the mouth. That could be about to change, however, with scientists reporting development of a nano-sized dental film that may bring diseased teeth back to life.

The root canal is the space inside the tooth. Soft tissue, or pulp, containing the tooth's nerves and blood vessels fills this natural cavity. If the pulp or nerves are damaged, due to decay or a cracked tooth for example, bacteria can cause infection in the tooth. Left untreated, an abscess could develop and cause damage to the bone around the teeth.

In years past, teeth with diseased or injured pulps were removed. More recently, root canal treatment has allowed dentists to remove the damaged pulp and retain the tooth.

Regenerative endodontics, the development and delivery of tissues to replace diseased or damaged dental pulp, has the potential to provide a revolutionary alternative to pulp removal.

Scientists have combined a substance called alpha melanocyte stimulating hormone (or alpha-MSH), which has anti-inflammatory properties, with a widely-used polymer to produce a material that fights inflammation in cells in dental pulp. Nano-films containing alpha-MSH could help revitalize damaged teeth, and even reduce the need for a root canal procedure.

The research was recently published in the journal ACS Nano.

Tags
5 Comments

Very good innovation for decayed tooth.

Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India

Anumakonda Jagadeesh
4th July, 2010 @ 10:48 pm PDT

I think this application of nanofilm will be very limited. The dental pulp is very sensitive to bacterial challenge and it doesn't last long when it's been infected. And once a pulp is dead, that's it. You can't regenerate it because it's either putrified mush or dried beef jerky.

James McAllister
5th July, 2010 @ 08:44 am PDT

I will watch for developments with great interest.

It is just a bit to the left of magic to be able to regenerate a dead or diseased tooth.

Frankentooth! Calling Mary Shelley!

heldmyw
5th July, 2010 @ 10:43 am PDT

"for I tell thee, Sancho, a mouth without teeth is like a mill without a millstone, and a tooth is much more to be prized than a diamond;"

from Chapter 18, Don Quixote, Cervantes

DC Palmer
6th October, 2010 @ 07:25 am PDT

scientist have invented a lot of things that people thought were impossible. i think this is matter of time and monetary interest. Dentists make a ton of money every year performing root canals and other procedures. I don't think they want a one time permanent solution for dental problems.

Jose Lopez
16th September, 2011 @ 12:22 am PDT
Post a Comment

Login with your gizmag account:

Or Login with Facebook:


Related Articles
Looking for something? Search our 28,507 articles