A team of University at Buffalo researchers has identified a key obstacle in the cell conversion process, the manipulation of which allows for much easier transitions between cell types. The breakthrough has big implications for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, with scientists able to create functional neurons to replace those damaged by the condition.
Determining a blood type to ensure compatibility ahead of a transfusion isn't straightforward at the best of times, but in regions of the world where proper medical equipment is unavailable it is nigh on impossible. A new, bioactive piece of paper promises to change that, however, with the ability to analyze just a few drops of blood and identify somebody's blood group in as little as one minute.
A new study from researchers at the UK's University College London (UCL) has examined a rare condition that makes people unable to feel pain, known as congenital insensitivity to pain (CIP). While previous projects have had little success in fully understanding the condition, the new effort represents a big breakthrough, pinpointing the key elements that cause it.
A new study carried out by King's College London is looking to create virtual heart avatars to aid in the treatment of a serious congenital heart defect that affects thousands of newborns. The condition, known as hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), is known to affect rougly one in 5,000 newborns each year.
A team of researchers from four institutions located in Romania and St. Kitts have worked together to determine whether graphene could be used to create more durable dental materials. They worked to test how toxic different forms of the material were to teeth, with promising results.
Researchers have developed a new "smart dressing" that's able to monitor patient wounds while in place, lowering the need for regular visual inspections. According to the device's creators, it's not only more convenient than standard dressings, but could also reduce costs associated with wound healing.
Scientists are increasingly turning to nanoparticles in search of new ways to treat cancer. Tiny nanorobots that wade through the bloodstream and microscopic particles that blow up diseased cells are a couple of menacing examples. But none sound quite so ominous as a new technique under development at North Carolina State University (NCSU). Its researchers have designed liquid metal particles they describe as "Nano-Terminators" that latch onto cancer cells to more effectively deliver drugs that kill them off.
Although concussions can have very serious consequences, they're also difficult to diagnose without the proper equipment. As a result, we've seen a variety of technologies aimed at helping athletic coaches to determine if players who have received knocks to the head are indeed concussed. One of the latest such systems, EyeGuide's Focus, promises to deliver results in just 10 seconds.
The depth-sensing capabilities of the Microsoft's Kinect has seen it put to use in a number of unexpected applications, such as helping Parkinson's sufferers to walk and the visually impaired to practice yoga. Scientists now claim to have expanded the applications for the gaming technology to include a more precise approach to X-ray imaging, which they say can limit exposure to radiation by measuring the thickness of a subject's body parts.
A study from researchers at the Gladstone Institutes in San Francisco has examined the protein BRCA1, using a combination of tests on laboratory mice and human brain tissue to determine that the protein is central to learning and retaining memories. The work highlights the importance of the protein in relation to the cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer's disease, and could help in the development of future treatments.