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Gaia launch delayed over dicey components

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October 24, 2013

Gaia mapping the stars of the Milky Way (Photo: ESA/ATG medialab; background image: ESO/S....

Gaia mapping the stars of the Milky Way (Photo: ESA/ATG medialab; background image: ESO/S. Brunier)

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The Gaia mission to map a billion stars in the Milky Way has been delayed for about two months by the European Space Agency (ESA). X-band transponders used in other satellites have begun to fail, so the ESA has decided to replace those modules prior to launching. The likely blastoff date will be in late December of this year.

The Gaia mission is intended to map the position and velocity of a billion stars in the Milky Way to support ongoing studies on galactic dynamics. The main instrument for this mapping is a gigapixel camera, by far the most complex ever launched into space. The Gaia satellite will orbit near the L2 point positioned about 1.5 million kilometers behind Earth.

Gaia's phased-array antenna and communications module (Photo: ESA)

Gaia will produce a three-dimensional map of our galaxy. The map will be missing most of the Milky Way's stars (only including one billion of a total of some 400 billion), but this will cover our galactic region in considerable detail, and will provide much needed information about more distant and dust-obscured regions. The positions will be solid to about 24 microarcseconds, which is the width of a human hair at a distance of 1,000 km (621 mi).

Transparent rendering of Gaia's service module, showing the troublesome X-band transponder...

As a "free" side result, Gaia is expected to find hundreds of thousands of asteroids and comets in the solar system, perhaps 7,000 exoplanets, 20,000 supernovae, and hundreds of thousands of quasars. Clearly, the analysis of Gaia's petabyte (one million gigabytes) of data will continue long after its five-year mission is complete.

Source: ESA

About the Author
Brian Dodson From an early age Brian wanted to become a scientist. He did, earning a Ph.D. in physics and embarking on an R&D career which has recently broken the 40th anniversary. What he didn't expect was that along the way he would become a patent agent, a rocket scientist, a gourmet cook, a biotech entrepreneur, an opera tenor and a science writer.   All articles by Brian Dodson
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2 Comments

Mapping our galaxy should have been done long ago. Especially looking for earth-like exoplanets, but first things first, e.g., solar systems.

If we can't go there, we can send a communication or focus in on a likely transmitter. That is much more valuable than going to the moon or mars. Opening up communication with another intelligent species may accelerate our technological status, and theirs.

Exchanging ideas is a valuable learning tool, perhaps more so than manned space flight, which is learning the hard way. Only a statist mentality would be against it.

Don Duncan
25th October, 2013 @ 10:07 am PDT

...well, provided the little green men are there waiting to give you technological boost (and would not misuse your tracking beam for invasion - if your logic is to be followed).

The fact is that their existence is...highly unlikely. ..to the infinitesimal fraction.

On the other hand, with Mars you at least have a second planed for survival, after this one goes bang.....and the chance of that happening equals one - it is absolutely certain, only the time horizon in which it would happen is variable, per S. Hawking thinking anyway.

nehopsa
19th December, 2013 @ 09:38 am PST
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