India's National Center For Antarctic And Ocean Research has commissioned a brand new research station, which has been installed in the Larsmann Hills section of northeast Antarctica. The 2,500 sq m (27,000 sq ft) Bharathi Indian Polar Station was constructed using shipping containers, and allows scientists to conduct their work in safety, despite the punishing local weather conditions.
Bharathi is India's third permanent base in Antarctica. Owing to the rules laid out in the Antarctic Treaty System, the facility is designed so that it can be completely disassembled and removed from the frigid landscape without leaving a trace.
Like Britain's Halley VI research station, Bharathi's remote location requires it to be self-sufficient for long periods of time, and able to withstand extremes in weather which include wind gusts of 200 mph (321 km/h), and temperatures reaching minus 40°F (minus 40°C).
To help meet this challenge, the building was set on stilts and its outer facade shaped (with the aid of a wind tunnel), into a form said to help forestall the buildup of snow drifts.
Bharathi comprises three floors, built using 134 shipping containers which were interlocked and covered by an insulated skin and outer shell. The containers were first prefabricated in Germany, before being shipped via Antwerp and Cape Town, and quickly assembled on-site during the short Antarctic summer of late 2011 into 2012.
The third floor features a terrace and air-conditioning system, while the second floor houses the residential quarters, with 24 single and double rooms. Alongside these are a kitchen, dining room, library, fitness room, offices, lounge, and even an operating theater.
It's all business on the ground floor, as here lie the laboratories, storage areas, assorted technical spaces, and workshop. During Antarctica's summer, Bharathi will be home to roughly 47 researchers, while in the harsher winter months this number will fall to 24.
Bharathi's energy is provided by a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) unit, which is powered by stockpiles of kerosene. There are actually a total of three CHP units on site, so as to ensure that an untimely mechanical failure doesn't leave the residents in dire straits.
While in operation, the CHP unit produces surplus heat, and this is sufficient to warm the building. Project partner bof artchitekten told Gizmag that wind power is also being considered as a possible future addition, but solar power was ruled out due to the long Antarctic winter's dearth of sunlight. The building is additionally outfitted with its own fresh water treatment system.
Along with bof artchitekten, the design and construction of the Bharathi Indian Polar Station included IMS Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH and and m+p consulting. Planning began back in 2009, and it was eventually fully completed earlier this year.
Source: bof artchitekten