Decision time? Read Gizmag's latest product comparisons

All-in-one system uses plant oils to power, heat, and cool the home

By

August 4, 2014

Newcastle University prototype system provides cooling, heating, and electrical power usin...

Newcastle University prototype system provides cooling, heating, and electrical power using only unprocessed plant oils.

A team of researchers led by Newcastle University has produced an all-in-one Biofuel Micro Trigeneration (BMT) prototype system fueled entirely by unprocessed plant oils that provides combined cooling, heating, and electrical power. This first-generation system is designed for use in homes, with the potential for up-scaling for larger commercial and industrial applications.

Claimed to be able to use many types of unrefined plant oils – including sunflower, rapeseed, jatropha, and croton – the BMT system is claimed to enable distributed heating, cooling, and electrical power. Using a diesel engine generator modified to produce power using renewable plant fuels, the BMT is coupled to a hybrid electrical energy storage unit and a data acquisition and control system to provide reliable electricity without the need for a mains connection.

By using unrefined plant oils, waste products and energy used to convert the plant matter to oil are reduced. In this reductive vein, waste heat from the engine is recovered and used to supply heating and hot water, as well as being used to drive an ammonia/water diffusion type absorption refrigerator. Fuel efficiency optimization is also achieved by storing power at times of low electrical demand and ensures that the engine operates at high load for the shortest period possible by using an electronic regulator system.

"The challenge was to design a system that could simultaneously satisfy the more predictable needs for heating and hot water, as well as the wildly varying demand for electricity in a small dwelling," explains Professor Tony Roskilly, of Newcastle University. "Our solution was to incorporate advanced electrical storage into the system, both batteries and the latest supercapacitors, combined with innovative system control."

BMT systems are not new for large-scale factories and plants, but this system is the first to claim both efficiency for small premises and the use of unprocessed oils as fuel. By using an intelligently-controlled process that combines storage, waste heat recovery, and efficient cooling, the team claims to have produced a small-scale BMT able to cope with the daily fluctuating demand for electricity found in the average home.

Claimed to be ideal for applications in the developing world, the team also conducted studies into the ideal oils that could be used and – more importantly – were available in places where industrialized processes for refined oil were not in place. It was also important that the biofuel requirements would not impinge on the locals’ ability to grow food crops.

"We wanted to avoid running the tri-generation system using biodiesel or other highly-processed fuels from raw materials," says Professor Roskilly. "So instead, we developed a system for using the oils obtained from pressing crop seeds, like those from jatropha and croton. These crops can grow in harsh environments and on poor-quality land and so could be well-suited to providing fuel in developing countries, as cultivating them would not adversely affect food production. The potential demand for this technology in such countries is very large."

A domestic-scale BMT of the sort described by the Newcastle University team would apparently be able to supply around 6 kW to 9 kW of electricity, which is the equivalent power needed to run lights, a television set, a refrigerator/freezer, a kettle, a microwave oven, a vacuum cleaner, a washing machine, and a dishwasher if all were switched on at the same time.

Along with a follow-up study looking at the potential for the system to be used on small farms in the developing world for refrigerating and processing food crops as a way to reduce losses after harvesting, the team is currently examining the long-term performance of the system running on "raw" plant oils and is in talks with manufacturers with a view to commercializing the design.

The system was developed as part of a three-and-a-half-year project that received funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), through the Research Councils UK (RCUK) Energy Program. The team also included researchers from the University of Leeds, the University of Ulster, and three Chinese universities.

Source: Newcastle University

About the Author
Colin Jeffrey Colin discovered technology at an early age, pulling apart clocks, radios, and the family TV. Despite his father's remonstrations that he never put anything back together, Colin went on to become an electronics engineer. Later he decided to get a degree in anthropology, and used that to do all manner of interesting things masquerading as work. Even later he took up sculpting, moved to the coast, and never learned to surf.   All articles by Colin Jeffrey
7 Comments

Test in hotels, resorts & gated homes & mobile home parks alone

Mass produce

Stephen N Russell
5th August, 2014 @ 10:55 am PDT

This appears to be quite a breakthrough to me. To burn a variety of unrefined plant oils of different characteristics without accumulating byproducts of combustion.

theotherwill
5th August, 2014 @ 12:50 pm PDT

Will Richard Branson volunteer to test the device on his fantasy island?

thk
5th August, 2014 @ 04:38 pm PDT

This is not new. The variety and function may be changed but this ability has been used by the Army for decades. Propaganda reiterates the obvious to lul the masses.

Danny Jewell
5th August, 2014 @ 06:17 pm PDT

Great, more farming area used for non-food purposes. Moreover, use tropical plants like jatropha and croton to accelerate deforestation.

cmed
6th August, 2014 @ 01:46 am PDT

Where can I get one!?!

Jon Smith
6th August, 2014 @ 09:24 am PDT

Running diesel engines on unmodified plant oils is not a problem that is what the first diesel ran on; all you need is a fuel filter that will accept the pressure necessary for the flow rate of a thick liquid, or to warm the oil to high fluidity. I'll use the latter and wrap the fuel system in insulation.

If you raise the temperature of the fuel to about 65c you can use rendered animal fats as well.

Slowburn
11th August, 2014 @ 02:23 am PDT
Post a Comment

Login with your gizmag account:

Or Login with Facebook:


Related Articles
Looking for something? Search our 28,712 articles