Shopping? Check out our latest product comparisons

Recharging aging brains could be in the (young) blood

By

May 6, 2014

An infusion of blood from young mice has led to cognitive improvements in older mice (Phot...

An infusion of blood from young mice has led to cognitive improvements in older mice (Photo: Shutterstock)

A literal infusion of some "young blood" has the ability to turn back the clock and restore the mental capabilities of old mice, according to a study conducted by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. If similar results are seen in humans, the simple technique could lead to new treatments for forms of dementia, such as Alzheimer's disease.

The study builds on previous research conducted in 2011 that showed key regions of the brains of old mice produced more nerve cells when exposed to blood from young mice than did old mice exposed to blood from old mice. Previous experiments also showed that the opposite effect in terms of nerve-cell production was seen when the brains of young mice were exposed to blood from old mice, with their ability to navigate their environments also reduced.

What these previous experiments failed to assess was the impact of young mouse blood on the behavior of older mice. So for the new study, in addition to using sophisticated techniques to check for changes within nerve circuits and individual cells, the researchers conducted a simpler standard laboratory test of spatial memory, comparing the performance of older mice that received infusions of plasma from young versus old mice, or no plasma at all.

"This could have been done 20 years ago,” said Tony Wyss-Coray, PhD, the senior author of the study who has founded a company, Alkahest, to examine the potential therapeutic benefits of the findings. "You don’t need to know anything about how the brain works. You just give an old mouse young blood and see if the animal is smarter than before. It’s just that nobody did it."

In tests in which older mice were trained to quickly locate a submerged platform in a water-filled container, requiring them to orient themselves using memory cues provided by their surroundings, those that had been injected intravenously with plasma from young mice performed much better than older mice that didn't receive any plasma and those that received plasma from older mice.

Similar results were seen in another test in which mice were trained to freeze in fear when placed in a particular environment. Those mice that better recognize the environment freeze for longer, so young mice typically freeze for longer than older mice. That was still the case, but the length of time older mice given young plasma froze increased significantly.

"We’ve shown that at least some age-related impairments in brain function are reversible," said Saul Villeda, PhD, the lead author of the study. "They’re not final."

Although it is still unclear exactly what factors in the plasma are responsible for the boost in brain function, the team says a hint is provided by the fact that the improvements disappeared if the plasma given to the older mice had been subjected to high temperatures. Because high temperatures can change the nature of proteins, this suggests a blood-borne protein, or group of proteins, may be behind the cognitive improvements.

Wyss-Coray points out that it isn't yet known whether the same results will be seen in humans, but putting the approach to the test through a clinical trial is a near-term goal of his company.

The team's study appears in the journal Nature Medicine.

Source: Stanford School of Medicine

About the Author
Darren Quick Darren's love of technology started in primary school with a Nintendo Game & Watch Donkey Kong (still functioning) and a Commodore VIC 20 computer (not still functioning). In high school he upgraded to a 286 PC, and he's been following Moore's law ever since. This love of technology continued through a number of university courses and crappy jobs until 2008, when his interests found a home at Gizmag.   All articles by Darren Quick
8 Comments

Every day lots of people get blood transfusions can't we test if it's having similar affects on humans now?

davem2
6th May, 2014 @ 08:58 pm PDT

So young men and women beware?

eMike
6th May, 2014 @ 10:08 pm PDT

eMike; Indeed young men and woman should beware and so should the rest of the human race. No doubt as the aged become super smart while engorged on the blood of the young they will manipulate situations where our future generations are essentially held as captive blood donors. Whoever we may still be saved if improvements turn out to be task specific rather than global, I think even I could outwit a pensioner who was very good at freezing or finding a hidden platform in the swimming pool.

Insightfool
7th May, 2014 @ 05:31 am PDT

Sure, Vampires knew that ages ago...

Wejitu Geodol
7th May, 2014 @ 08:31 am PDT

I think the Simpsons discovered this when Mr Burns used Bart's to blood to reverse aging.

ezeflyer
7th May, 2014 @ 09:25 am PDT

And at Harvard, east and west coast US

http://www.bostonglobe.com/news/science/2014/05/04/blood-from-young-mice-reverses-aging-brain-muscles/iepDMMf7wrLJy6WgXqpdIJ/story.html

The young can be fed well, kept healthy and compensated. Slavery is bad for the blood.

Art Toegemann
7th May, 2014 @ 10:13 am PDT

Maybe time to start stockpiling your own blood at a blood bank.

kalqlate
8th May, 2014 @ 09:55 pm PDT

Long before this crude method becomes widespread the protein needed will be identified and isolated. It can then be grown in the lab. No one need be sacrificed.

Don Duncan
6th July, 2014 @ 12:59 pm PDT
Post a Comment

Login with your gizmag account:

Or Login with Facebook:


Related Articles
Looking for something? Search our 27,825 articles