Purchasing new hardware? Read our latest product comparisons

Wearable thermoelectric generator could extend your smartwatch's battery life


April 14, 2014

KAIST's device can generate electricity from bodily heat (Image: KAIST)

KAIST's device can generate electricity from bodily heat (Image: KAIST)

Image Gallery (3 images)

Researchers at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) have developed a lightweight, flexible and high-efficiency thermoelectric generator that can harness your body heat to generate a small amount of electricity. The device could be used to extend the battery life of low-power wearable devices.

The big names in personal electronics are constantly pushing for thinner and thinner devices, and while that certainly gives us much sleeker and attractive designs, it also invariably leads to compromises in terms of battery life.

Previous attempts to generate additional power for personal electronics include solar-powered mobile phones and piezoelectric generators that create energy when pressed or bent (the latter was also developed at KAIST). But there is also another way, which may be ideal for low-power wearable devices; and that is to harness the waste heat your body naturally gives off 24/7 through a thermoelectric generator.

The thermoelectric generators developed so far have been based on either organic or inorganic materials. The former are very flexible, but highly inefficient, while the latter have a higher output, but also tend to be heavy and rigid.

Prof. Byung Jin Cho and colleagues at KAIST have managed to harness the best of both worlds by developing a generator that is both flexible and has a comparatively high power output. The researchers did so by first creating liquid-like pastes of n-type and p-type thermoelectric materials, and then embedding them within a flexible and lightweight glass fabric. The materials permeated the glass and formed hundreds of microscopic n-type and p-type dots, orderly arranged next to each other.

The main advantage of this new design is that the device doesn't need additional thick, external layers to mechanically support the structure. In previous designs, this was exactly what made thermoelectric generators bulky, heavy, rigid and inefficient. Instead, in this new design, the glass fabric encloses the thermoelectric materials without sacrificing thickness, flexibility or efficiency, opening up interesting new applications in wearable electronics.

The researchers say that a wristband with an area of 10 x 10 cm (4 x 4 in) using their technology would only weigh about 13 g (0.45 oz) and, at room temperature, output 40 mW of power. Admittedly, that's not a staggeringly high number for most personal electronics (for reference, an iPad 2 requires about 3 W), but it could make a significant difference in low-power wearable devices such as e-paper smartwatches and fitness trackers, but also perhaps smart collars and smart clothing.

Professor Cho also said that the technology may find applications beyond personal electronics, and particularly in automobiles, factories, aircraft, vessels, and systems where a large amount of thermal energy is being wasted.

A paper describing the device has been published in the journal Energy & Environmental Science.

Source: KAIST

About the Author
Dario Borghino Dario studied software engineering at the Polytechnic University of Turin. When he isn't writing for Gizmag he is usually traveling the world on a whim, working on an AI-guided automated trading system, or chasing his dream to become the next European thumbwrestling champion. All articles by Dario Borghino

This is excellent. I thought this existed already, as Seebeck effect is well known and only problem for smartwatches is the power. We need better batteriy technology of better energy harvesting technology, there's no way around it. No sensible person would ever want to recharge their watch, ever.

I've experimented with piezo shoes and peltier wristbands, but without 100 million dollars there's no way to build any new technology.


If a smartwatch was located on the shoe, then it would be easier to invent some kind of generator which is works when person is walking :) Or perhaps a sleeve which is powered by movement of the elbow? Or even better a self powered smart glove. Controlling the display would be done with movement of the fingers in certain sequence. I would like to have a cycle gps integrated on my cycle glove.

Haykey Kaariainen

My watchband is made of of steel segments what is the problem with rigid components?


this on the inside of my Nike+ wristband would be perfect.

Jason Rodriguez
Post a Comment

Login with your Gizmag account:

Related Articles
Looking for something? Search our articles