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Toyota i-Road electric three-wheeler gets green light for early production


October 5, 2013

Toyota's i-Road is on the road to production

Toyota's i-Road is on the road to production

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Toyota's i-Road three-wheeler concept is set to make it off the drawing board and onto the road. Toyota has announced that a limited production run of the fully enclosed, tilting EV will begin shortly, with initial units being transferred to Toyota's Ha:mo urban transport system trials in Toyota City.

When the i-Road burst onto the scene at this year's Geneva Motor Show, it felt like one of those design concepts that, although innovative and exciting, would probably disappear as do most of that ilk. But now Toyota has put its money where its mouth is, and is producing a short production run, probably numbering in the hundreds, to add to it's prototype Ha:mo urban transport system.

The i-Road is an electric personal mobility vehicle with two in-line seats, that leans into the corners like a motorcycle. With only five horsepower, a top speed of 45 km/h (30 mph), and a range of 50 km (30 mi), the i-Road is aimed squarely at an urban transport market.

Toyota is running its Harmonious Mobility Network (Ha:mo for short) in Toyota City, located in Aichi, Japan. Designed as a system to improve urban transportation by combining private car and public transportation, Ha:mo is aimed at making both urban transportation and the urban culture more people- and community friendly.

The Ha:mo RIDE project is a car sharing system using ultracompact electric vehicles that provides transportation to and within the city center; for example, between a train station and a passenger's workplace. At present the system has ten Toyota COMS personal mobility vehicles and ten Toyota PAS power assisted bicycles. These are available at four stations where they can be rented and returned after use.

In the planned expansion, these numbers will be increased to 100 of each, with 100 i-Roads being added in early 2014. The number of rental stations will be increased to seventeen, providing service at train stations and major public buildings to facilitate quick turnover of the rentals. A rental fee of 20 yen (about 20 US cents) per minute will also be instituted.

Source: Toyota

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Brian Dodson From an early age Brian wanted to become a scientist. He did, earning a Ph.D. in physics and embarking on an R&D career which has recently broken the 40th anniversary. What he didn't expect was that along the way he would become a patent agent, a rocket scientist, a gourmet cook, a biotech entrepreneur, an opera tenor and a science writer. All articles by Brian Dodson

I think it is really cool. It seems rather slow for such a vehicle. I think it could go faster, perhaps use a fuel cell for added range and added speed.


Wow, we could ride this thing legally without a tag or insurance here in Florida where 5 hp motors on trikes are not against the law! I want one!


American laws will declare this to be a motorcycle because it has less than four wheels. Special licenses will be needed, and the driver will be required to wear a helmet. Few drivers will accept this.


@Eddie. Do you need a helmet to ride a motorcycle in Kansas? Have all three wheeled cars been classified as motorcycles? Do you think a 5hp motor will require a motorcycle license?

Ian Mitko

Someone has to develope a temperature control suit so people can ride their electric bike in all weather conditions. Besides, you can park a bike anywhere not like all these mini ev's that don't fit in with our driving and parking style in North America. Even the smart car is a bust here. Cars and electric bikes work, just keep them away from each other.


if priced over 8k it will fail in the states

Leonard Foster

I have seen a lot of these lease/share/rent experimental vehicles being tested, but I have never heard a user claiming that is the solution they want, and I have yet to see any sort of satisfaction survey from people who have used such a system.

Also, the test is in Japan which has different cultural norms for the treatment of public property, I think conditions would be different here in Australia. The condition of the interior of those vehicles on the morning after Grand Final Night would be a real test of the lease/share/rent system.


Very cool and would work well in civilised countries with cities not originally designed for cars such as those found in Europe!

Brendan Dunphy

@Brendan I'm not sure if you're talking about the "cities" or the "cars" "found in Europe" ? One way or the other, sitting in seats, which do not allow standing on the pegs like motorbikes, in a small-wheeled, relatively short-wheelbased vehicle you'll need a decent road surface to drive this on. Perhaps like the roads found in parts of Europe ?



Each state has different laws. In Connecticut, you do not need a helmet now, but you might need to carry one with you to ride to another state. An engine with a displacement greater than 50cc requires a license. And yes, a car must have four wheels.


I agree with Eddie. I've been tracking the EV scene and three wheeled vehicles in general. The M class and the helmet depend on the state. Virginia would not require a helmet if it is enclosed and has a roll cage. There is regulation in the works to change the requirement for an M class license to not include something with a steering wheel and pedals. So it is not a given that a special license and helmet are required.


The Federal Government does not require a helmet when using a enclosed three wheeled vehicle and the DOT does not consider such a vehicle a motorcycle. Local state regulations differ from state to state.

Jerry Peavy

It would need some bloody good suspension to survive on the roads in the UK. Though not the Outer Hebrides strangely? Lovely roads out there, narrow but lovely. Interesting to try one out though wouldn't it?

Roger Dutton

This is the only Toyota I would drive. I really hope these come to the states.


It already exists, is in production in the Netherlands, and it is called Drymer, sells for around Euro 5-6K. It allows you to pedal if you want, but you don't have to.



It didn't work so well 30 years in the UK......


talk about behind ahead of your time!


Yes,why not,the time is right

Thomas Lewis
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