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New element is 40 percent heavier than lead

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May 2, 2014

Element 117 could become a new member of the periodic table of elements (Image: Shuttersto...

Element 117 could become a new member of the periodic table of elements (Image: Shutterstock)

A new super-heavy element, temporarily called 117, may soon be making its way into the periodic table after being successfully created in a laboratory setting. Made up of 117 protons, the element matches some of the heaviest atoms ever observed and is around 40 percent heavier than a single atom of lead.

Scientists have been aware of the existence of element 117 for some time, since its discovery by a group of Russian researchers in 2010. However it wasn't officially recognized by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), an organization responsible for defining the periodic table, as they require the creation of a new element to be independently verified.

A multinational group of researchers led by scientists at Germany's GSI lab have now managed to create four atoms of 117 and independently confirm its existence, before it disappeared in a tenth of a second.

"Making element 117 is at the absolute boundary of what is possible right now," says Professor David Hinde, Director of the Heavy Ion Accelerator Facility, ANU Nuclear Physics Department, Australia, who collaborated on the research. "That’s why it’s a triumph to create and identify even a few of these atoms."

Super-heavy elements like 117 don't occur naturally. The chances of successfully creating even a single atom of it are quite low, since the nuclei of smaller atoms have to combine in a specific way to get the right number of protons within the nucleus.

To create atoms of 117 that they could observe, scientists at the GSI lab fired over 10^19 (ten billion billion) rare calcium-48 nuclei at an even rarer isotope called berkelium-249. They're hopeful that the four atoms they were able to create and corroborate, will be enough to guarantee the element's inclusion in the periodic table.

Element 117 has yet to be properly named, but the team is already looking ahead.

“The big question is, how can we create elements 119 and 120?" asks Hinde.

Source: ANU

About the Author
Lakshmi Sandhana When Lakshmi first encountered pig's wings in a petri dish, she realized that writing about scientists and imagineers was the perfect way to live in an expanding mind bubble. Articles for Wired, BBC Online, New Scientist, The Economist and Fast Company soon followed. She's currently pursuing her dream of traveling from country to country to not only ferret out cool stories but also indulge outrageously in local street foods. When not working, you'll find her either buried nose deep in a fantasy novel or trying her hand at improvisational comedy.   All articles by Lakshmi Sandhana
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1 Comment

And all the money poured into finding an unnecessarily heavy unstable atom that doesn't naturally exist is for what ?

Andrew Zuckerman
11th May, 2014 @ 01:42 pm PDT
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