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Medical

Stanford's whiz-bang idea to bring gold-standard urine testing to the home

A urine test can be an invaluable way of detecting a number of medical conditions, a list which can include infections, diseases, and even certain types of cancer. Looking to improve access to this diagnostics tool, Stanford University engineers have designed a smartphone-based urine test for the home that relies on the same approach used in the doctor's office, claiming it could offer equally accurate results.Read More

Rapid finger-prick test to tackle tuberculosis

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2014 over 9 million people contracted tuberculosis (TB), with 1.5 million dying from the disease. Over 95 percent of these deaths occur in developing countries, which is exacerbated by difficulties in diagnosing the disease based on signs and symptoms. A new point-of-care test aimed at use in areas of limited resources could help speed up the diagnosis and spread of TB.Read More

Blood samples stored in silk endure warmer temperatures

If they're not going to be analyzed right away, blood samples are best kept chilled as warmer temperatures can distort the biomarkers physicians rely on for diagnosis. But researchers have now discovered that they can preserve blood at higher temperatures by storing it amongst silk proteins, a development that could mean big things for health care in places where cooling facilities are scarce.Read More

Brain-scanning helmet detects concussions

Whether they've been involved in a sports mishap, a car accident or something else, if someone has received a traumatic brain injury, they need medical attention as soon as possible. With that in mind, we've recently seen several portable devices that can ascertain if such an injury has occurred, quickly and on the spot. Still, none of those systems are as reliable as an EEG (electroencephalogram), which measures electrical activity in the brain. Soon, it may be possible to conduct on-location EEGs, using a special helmet known as the EmerEEG.Read More

Pinpointed breast cancer genes explain why some cases are so hard to beat

Our understanding of breast cancer is almost constantly improving, and we're always researching new ways of detecting the disease. Now, a team of researchers led by scientists from the University of Cambridge has picked out a number of mutated genes linked to the cancer, only a small number of which were previously known. The improved understanding could lead to more efficient treatments down the line.Read More

New low-cost Zika test looks good on paper

Researchers have developed a low-cost, paper-based method of detecting viruses like Zika and Ebola in a biological sample, and which can even identify a specific strain. The team believes the test can be used in the field to quickly and easily detect the presence of a virus, and be used to help slow the spread of future outbreaks.Read More

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