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Gut simulator could bring down the costs of drug development

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April 1, 2014

A new device simulates the way in which the gastrointestinal tract absorbs orally-administ...

A new device simulates the way in which the gastrointestinal tract absorbs orally-administered drugs (Image: Shutterstock)

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Before drugs are tested on humans, they first go through pre-clinical tests on animals. Because humans and animals don't have identical gastrointestinal tracts, however, the way in which the drugs are absorbed by the body often differs between the two. A scientist from the UK's University of Huddersfield hopes to address that discrepancy, with his "gut simulator."

Ordinarily, the fashion in which drugs are taken up by the gastrointestinal tract is studied mainly during the human trials – this increases the cost of the study, which gets passed along to consumers or health care providers in the purchase price. Instead, Dr. Hamid Merchant hopes that his device could be used to provide the same information much more quickly and cost-effectively.

The simulator incorporates a chamber containing a solvent medium, along with a pH probe and a control unit. By monitoring the changes that occur in the pH of the solvent, it's possible to assess how the drug would be absorbed by the body, subject to the different levels of acidity and alkalinity that occur within the gastrointestinal tract. These levels can be tweaked by the user, to mimic the way in which they vary from person to person.

A schematic diagram of the gut simulator
A schematic diagram of the gut simulator

A prototype of the system has reportedly already been used by drug companies to test new orally-administered medications, and a second setup is in the works. The university has applied for a patent on the technology, and claims that commercial partners are already expressing an interest in commercializing it.

"By minimizing human trials we would reduce the cost of development, which is then charged to patients when the drug comes to the market – if the development costs are lower, then we can make new drugs more affordable," said Dr. Merchant.

Not surprisingly, this isn't the first the first attempt at developing a gut simulator for use in the testing of drugs. A team at Harvard University has created a gut-on-a-chip, while the ATHENA organ project is aiming at producing a desktop toxicity testing platform that emulates the functions of the heart, liver, kidney and lungs.

Source: University of Huddersfield

About the Author
Ben Coxworth An experienced freelance writer, videographer and television producer, Ben's interest in all forms of innovation is particularly fanatical when it comes to human-powered transportation, film-making gear, environmentally-friendly technologies and anything that's designed to go underwater. He lives in Edmonton, Alberta, where he spends a lot of time going over the handlebars of his mountain bike, hanging out in off-leash parks, and wishing the Pacific Ocean wasn't so far away.   All articles by Ben Coxworth
1 Comment

It could bring down the cost but it won't. At least the cost to the consumer won't come down.

It has been proven time and again that savings realized by a company are not passed on to the consumer.

Rt1583
2nd April, 2014 @ 07:35 pm PDT
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