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Autonomous drones could be used to inspect bridges

By

August 19, 2014

UAVs could someday be used to prevent bridge collapses, such as this one in Minneapolis  (...

UAVs could someday be used to prevent bridge collapses, such as this one in Minneapolis (Photo: Miker/Shutterstock)

When bridges are inspected for cracks and other defects that could lead to their collapse, engineers must either hang beneath those bridges on lines, or view them from elevated platforms. Whichever approach is used, a lot of setup is involved, and defects may get missed. In the future, however, unmanned aircraft may be able to more quickly and thoroughly check out bridges, working with wireless sensors built into the structures.

The system is being developed at Massachusetts' Tufts University, by assistant professors Babak Moaveni and Usman Khan.

Five years ago, Moaveni installed a series of 10 wired sensors on a 145-foot (44-m)-long footbridge on the Tufts campus. These sensors measured vibrations that passed through the bridge, caused by people walking across it.

He subsequently placed about 5,000 pounds (2,268 kg) of concrete weights on the bridge, to simulate the sort of stress that could lead to its collapse. This extra weight caused a change in the nature of the pedestrian-caused vibrations, which was easily detected by the sensors.

The scientists are now working on a way of scaling that system up, so that it could be applied to larger, car-carrying bridges. In that scenario, a series of wireless sensors located on the bridge's beams and joints would continuously process and record vibrational data. Autonomous quadcopter drones would regularly fly out and hover beside each of those sensors, wirelessly receiving data from them while also snapping photos of that part of the structure.

The aircraft would send that sensor data and imagery to a central computer, which would use an algorithm to detect any changes in vibrations that could be a result of a defect in the concrete. When such changes were detected, engineers would be alerted, and could check the photos of the corresponding parts of the bridge.

According to Moaveni, the system should already be capable of detecting severe damage, but still needs some tweaking before it can pick up on more subtle defects.

Source: Tufts University

About the Author
Ben Coxworth An experienced freelance writer, videographer and television producer, Ben's interest in all forms of innovation is particularly fanatical when it comes to human-powered transportation, film-making gear, environmentally-friendly technologies and anything that's designed to go underwater. He lives in Edmonton, Alberta, where he spends a lot of time going over the handlebars of his mountain bike, hanging out in off-leash parks, and wishing the Pacific Ocean wasn't so far away.   All articles by Ben Coxworth
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4 Comments

Imbed sensors into the bridge that you have to send a drone to get the information from.

Better idea imbed the sensors with data lines for continuous monitoring.

Slowburn
19th August, 2014 @ 03:06 pm PDT

To reduce and hopefully prevent collapses build them properly in the first place. Then maintain them, our provincial Quebec record is deplorable. Can't rely on "professional Engineers' eyes on inspection as the next week an underpass fails and kills.

Continual hardwire monitoring, not some youngster with a remote control and flying camera.

Bob Flint
20th August, 2014 @ 09:28 am PDT

Another suggested use: Inspection of High Voltage electric transmission lines, especially in mountainous areas in the west. Currently IBEW workers inspect lines & connectors "bare hand" from vehicles specialty non-conductive equipment, with "hot sticks" or from helicopters. These folks would still do the hard work of maintenance, of course. Inspection duties could be much more safely and economically done by drone, perhaps. Another market

Joel Reed
20th August, 2014 @ 11:26 am PDT

Other uses:

Traffic control

riot control

crowd control

Security

mapping

Recon

Intelligence

scan roadways to see for repaving??

A-Z

Stephen N Russell
20th August, 2014 @ 11:50 am PDT
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