While antiretroviral drugs do a good job of keeping HIV infections under control, scientists are working hard to come up with a full cure for the condition. A team of researchers from the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University is making real progress in that regard, successfully testing a gene editing system, demonstrating its ability to eliminate the virus from DNA in human cells grown in culture.Read More
Astronomers at San Francisco State University (SF State) have observed an exoplanet located just 117 light-years from Earth, which exhibits the most eccentric orbit yet found. The light reflected as the planet passed close to its parent star is providing researchers with clues as to the make up of the body's atmosphere, which is thought to be similar to that of Jupiter.Read More
Obesity is a big health problem, affecting more than one third – or 78.6 million – adults in the United States, and costing more than US$140 billion dollars to treat every year. A new breakthrough in our understanding of how the brain tells the us that we're full could one day lead to all new tools for tackling the widespread condition. The researchers made the discovery by chance while studying learning and memory systems, instead identifying a new nerve type responsible for controlling appetite in mice.
As a tumor grows, cells can break off it and move around the body, potentially spreading the disease to other organs. Known as metastasis, this process significantly lowers the patient's likelihood of survival, but a new discovery could help doctors tackle it, with researchers form Imperial College London identifying a molecule that shows promise in switching off the process altogether.Read More
Data collected by the Jason-3 satellite, which was launched atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket in January this year, has been used to create the probe's very first complete science map of global sea surface height. Currently at the beginning of its operational life, the satellite will be used to track climate change, and enable more accurate ocean and weather forecasting.Read More
Injecting reprogrammed stem cells into the brain to tackle neurodegenerative diseases isn't a new idea, but a new technique might significantly improve the effectiveness of the treatment. A team of sceintists, led by researchers at Rutgers University, has developed and conducted successful animal tests of a three-dimensional polymer micro-scaffold that dramatically improves cell survival rates following transplantation.Read More
A new implantable capsule may provide a novel way of tackling Alzheimer's disease, preventing the buildup of harmful protein plaques in the brain. The small device, developed by researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), has been successfully tested on laboratory mice.Read More
According to UNESCO estimates, there are as many as 3 million shipwrecks spread across the ocean floors, and a great many of those reside in coastal regions, where they pose significant danger to passing ships. New research has found that it might be possible to spot coastal shipwrecks by searching for plumes of sediment in imagery collected by NASA's Landsat 8 satellite.Read More
Removing spinal tumors can be problematic, with the current options for bridging the gap left by the procedure being either very expensive, or extremely invasive. New research could provide a better solution, with the potential to use an expanding polymer implant to fill the gaps after surgery.Read More
While you might generally associate cataracts with more mature patients, as many as three in every 10,000 children suffer from the condition, which can cause significant vision loss. Now, researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego) have tested a new approach to tackling congenital cataracts, turning to existing stem cells to repair the patient lenses post-surgery, restoring vision.
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