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Researchers identify enzyme that holds key to living longer through calorie restriction

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November 2, 2011

Restricting calorie intake has been shown to delay the aging process and the enzyme Prx1 h...

Restricting calorie intake has been shown to delay the aging process and the enzyme Prx1 has been identified as playing a major role

Studies have shown that restricting the intake of calories without reducing the intake of vitamins and minerals slows the signs of aging in a wide range of animals including monkeys, rats and fish, and even some fungi. More recent studies provide evidence that calorie restriction can also have the same effect on humans and now researchers at the University of Gothenburg have identified one of the enzymes they claim plays a major role in the aging process.

Although calorie restriction has been shown to slow the aging process, delay the development of age-related diseases and have favorable effects on health, researchers have had a hard time explaining why this is so. Using yeast as a model, researchers at the University of Gothenburg have successfully identified that active peroxiredoxin 1 (Prx1), an enzyme that breaks down harmful hydrogen peroxide in the cells, is required for caloric restriction to work effectively.

The research team's study showed that Prx1 is damaged during aging and loses its activity but caloric restriction counteracts this by increasing the production of another enzyme called Srx1, which repairs Prx1. In potentially good news for those that like their food, the team also found that aging can be delayed without caloric restriction by increasing the quantity of Srx1 in the cell.

"Impaired Prx1 function leads to various types of genetic defects and cancer. Conversely, we can now speculate whether increased repair of Prx1 during aging can counteract, or at least delay, the development of cancer," said Mikael Molin of the University of Gothenburg's Department of Cell and Molecular Biology.

The researchers say that it has also been shown that peroxiredoxins are capable of preventing proteins from being damaged and aggregating, a process that has been linked to several age-related disorders affecting the nervous system, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Therefore, they are also considering whether stimulation of Prx1 can reduce and delay such disease processes.

The University of Gothenburg team's study, Life Span Extension and H2O2 Resistance Elicited by Caloric Restriction Require the Peroxiredoxin Tsa1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been published in the journal Molecular Cell.

About the Author
Darren Quick Darren's love of technology started in primary school with a Nintendo Game & Watch Donkey Kong (still functioning) and a Commodore VIC 20 computer (not still functioning). In high school he upgraded to a 286 PC, and he's been following Moore's law ever since. This love of technology continued through a number of university courses and crappy jobs until 2008, when his interests found a home at Gizmag.   All articles by Darren Quick
5 Comments

GREAT ARTICLES,KEEP`EM COMIN

Mike van Schoor
2nd November, 2011 @ 06:57 am PDT

Great...What "supplement" is available now that can be used to achieve this result d?

bgstrong
2nd November, 2011 @ 01:05 pm PDT

Why did you have to put a pic of In and Out now I am starving mmmmmm

Craig Mclaughlin
3rd November, 2011 @ 02:22 pm PDT

Resveratrol has been found to do the same thing. It is an ingredient in Red wine (very small amounts. They have been trying to make a supplement out of it, but the last time I checked it was expensive).

I wonder if it increases your level of Srx1, or acts like Srx1.....

PrometheusGoneWild.com
5th November, 2011 @ 03:23 pm PDT

So we can have our cake and eat it to?

Captain Danger
16th December, 2011 @ 08:59 am PST
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